Different Types of TDS Certificates

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What Are TDS Certificates?

TDS certificates are issued when any tax is to be deducted at source. Further, these TDS certificates help the assessee to claim the applicable tax credit, along with the applicable refunds.

Form 16, 16A, 16B and 16C are all TDS certificates. These certificates are issued by a person deducting TDS to the assessee from whose income TDS was deducted while making payment.

FormCertificate ofFrequencyDue Date
Form 16TDS on Salary paymentYearly31 May
Form 16ATDS on other than Salary paymentQuarterly15 days from due date of filing return
Form 16BTDS on Sale of PropertyEvery Transaction15 days from due date of filing return
Form 16CTDS on RentEvery Transaction15 days from due date of filing return


Tax Deducted At Source

Tax Deducted at Source or TDS, as the name suggests is the deduction of the tax at the very source of income. As per this concept, a person (deductor) who is liable to make payment of specified nature to any other person (deductee) shall deduct tax at source. Consequently, the amount so collected is to be remitted to the Central Government’s account. After this, the deductee from whose income tax has been deducted at source would be entitled to get the credit of the amount so deducted based on Form 26AS or TDS certificate issued by the deductor. Let us discuss each TDS Certificate in detail.


TDS Certificate For Salaried Employee: Form 16

Form 16 is issued to the salaried employees by their respective employers. In other words, Form 16 is a salary TDS Certificate.

Situations Where Form 16 Is Issued:
  • Firstly, if person’s/employee’s income from salary for the financial year is more than the basic exemption limit of Rs 2,50,000, then his employer is required, by the Income Tax Act, to deduct TDS on his salary and deposit it with the government.
  • Secondly, if the person/employee has disclosed his income from other heads to his employer, then also the employer will consider total income for TDS deduction.

If the employee has worked with more than one employer during the year, then employee will have more than one Form 16.


Parts Of Form 16

Under Form 16, there are two parts: Part A and Part B.

  • Part A has information of the employer & employee, like name & address, PAN and TAN details, the period of employment, details of TDS deducted & deposited with the government.
  • Part B includes details of salary paid, other incomes, deductions allowed, tax payable etc.


Issue Of Form 16: Due Dates

It must be issued by 15th June of the year for which it is being issued.

Other Than Salary TDS Certificate: Form 16A

For income other than salary, TDS Certificate Form 16A is issued.

Cases Where Form 16A Is Issued

Issuance of Form 16A is done in following cases:

  • TDS is deducted for fixed deposits
  • TDS is deducted on insurance commissions
  • TDS is deducted on rent receipts
  • Any other income you may receive on which TDS is deductible


When Is Form 16A Issued?

The TDS Certificate, Form 16A is issued quarterly. The due date is 15th of the month following the due date for quarterly TDS return.

TDS On Property: Form 16B

This TDS Certificate Form 16B is issued in case of TDS that has been deducted on property. The buyer, in this case, is required to reduce the TDS on the property at the time of the property sale.

The TDS is deducted at 1% from the amount that the buyer has to pay the seller. That amount is then to be deposited with the Income Tax Department.

The buyer will issue Form 16B after the amount is deposited with the Income Tax Department. This is proof of TDS is deducted on the property and is deposited with the government.

Dates For Form 16B

A Form 16B is issued quarterly. The due date is 15th of the month following the due date for quarterly TDS return.

Rent TDS Certificate: Form 16C

Form 16C is a new TDS certificate introduced by the government of India. It reflects the amount of TDS deduction on rent @ 5 % by the individual/HUF (under Section 194IB).


Due Date Of Issue Of Form 16C

The person deducting TDS on the rent is required to furnish Form 16C to the payee within 15 days from the due date of furnishing challan-cum-statement in form 26QC.

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