TDS On Professional Or Technical Fees (Section 194J)
TDS on Professional Fees or Technical Services
TDS on professional fees or technical services is to be deducted by the person making payment for such services. The same has been provided under Section 194J of the Income Tax Act. For example, the following fees are covered under Section 194J:
- Professional fees paid to lawyers, doctors, chartered accountants, architects, advertisers, etc.
- Technical services fees of rendering of managerial, technical or consultancy services.
Payments Covered Under Section 194J
The payments covered under Section 194J of the Income Tax Act are as follows:
- Professional fees
- Fees for technical services
- Remuneration paid to directors excluding salary (TDS is to be deducted under Section 192)
- Payment in nature of non-compete fees (i.e., fees paid to not carry on any business or profession for a specified time and within certain geographical boundaries) or fees paid to not share any technical knowledge or know-how.
Threshold Limit For TDS Deduction Under Section 194J
TDS on professional fees under Section 194J of the Income Tax Act is to be deducted, in case the payment exceeds the following threshold limits:
Nature of Payment
Technical services fees
Payment in nature of non-compete fees
Remuneration paid to directors
Who Has To Deduct TDS Under Section 194J?
TDS under Section 194J is to be deducted by every person, who is making a payment in the nature of professional fees or technical services is liable to deduct tax at source. However, there are certain exceptions, where TDS is not to be deducted:
- Individuals or HUFs carrying on business: Where their turnover does not exceed Rs. 1 crore during the previous financial year.
- Individuals or HUFs carrying on profession: Where their turnover does not exceed Rs. 50 lakh during the previous financial year.
- The services have been taken for personal purposes
In other words, all entities (other than individuals/HUF who are not required to do tax audit in the preceding year) need to deduct tax.
|Nature of Payment||TDS Rate|
|Professional fees or any payment covered under Section 194J||10%|
|Technical services fees||2% (w.e.f., 01.04.2020)|
|Payments made to operators of call centres||2% (w.e.f., 01.04.2017)|
|If PAN is not furnished||20%|
When Is TDS To Be Deducted?
The tax should be deducted at the time of-
- Passing such entry in the accounts or
- Making the actual payment of the expense,
Illustration I: Piyush took TDS and income tax consultation services of lawyer for handling his company’s case. The lawyer charged him Rs. 20,000 for the same.
- No TDS under Section 194J is to be deducted. Reason being that despite the services were taken from the professional, the amount charged is less than Rs. 30,000/-.
Soumya has availed professional service from Aman in F.Y. 2021-22. First payment was made in April month of Rs. 75000 and second payment in December month of Rs. 25000.
Let us check the TDS liability for both the payments for the F.Y. 2021-22 in three scenarios:
- 1. Soumya is not liable for audit under Section
2. Soumya is liable for audit under Section 44AB and services were taken for personal purpose.
3. Tax audit under Section 44AB is applicable to Soumya in F.Y. 2021-22 and services were taken for professional service for business purpose.
- Case 1: Since Soumya is not liable for Tax Audit under Section 44AB, he is not liable to deduct tax while making payment to Aman.
- Case 2: Though Soumya has taken professional service but that was for personal purpose. Hence, no TDS is required to be deducted while making payments for such services.
- Case 3: If Tax Audit is applicable to Soumya and he avails the professional tax registration services for business purpose, then TDS @10% must be deducted at Rs. 75,000 while making payment or credit in the accounts, whichever is earlier. This is because the transaction has exceeded the threshold limit of Rs. 30,000.
Similarly, since the transaction amount has exceeded the threshold limit in the financial year, TDS should be deducted for all the payments made to Soumya. Hence, tax shall be deducted at source on second payment of Rs. 25,000 also.
👉 Read About: Can You Claim HRA Even If You Own A House?
Time For Payment
|Particulars||Time limit to deposit TDS|
|If amount is paid or credited in the month of March||On or before 30th April|
|If amount is paid or credited in the month other than March||Within 7 days from the end of the month is which deduction is made|
Due Dates For TDS Return Filing
|April – June||31st July|
|January – March||31st February|
Penalties Associated With Non Or Late Deduction Of TDS
Levy of Interest : If the specified person does not TDS return filling or deducting TDS but does not deposit it to the government on time, then interest @1.5% is required to be paid on such amount.
Disallowance of expenses : Further, the person is not eligible to claim the deduction of expenses from Profits and Gains from Business & Profession income, if TDS is not deducted on time. The amount of disallowed expenses shall be 30% of payment
However, if TDS is deposited in subsequent years, then expense will be allowed in the year of payment of TDS.